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Internet of Things – What it is And How is it Useful?

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As humans, we are always curious to know and learn different things altogether. We are individuals who love to challenge our capabilities and potential every single day. We make sure that we innovate or build or create something new that anyone would have never heard or seen before. This is how we exactly evolve. Moreover, such great efforts and curiosity have made it possible for all of us to lead lives where electronic media devices and machines are becoming our best friends now.

Yes, machines and devices are such fabulous creations of human beings. They have not just reduced human efforts to a significant extent but they also help them in creating or building new things every day. As technology is being advanced, the social efforts are creating devices and machines are also gradually being reduced to nil.

Amongst such significant innovations being introduced to the market every day, Internet of things (IoT) is one such thing that we have created to make the internet world look smaller to us.

How big is it?

This fantastic way of getting connected through the world of the Internet, smartphones, and laptops, is not only entertaining but also beneficial for a lot of people. As per reports, by the year 2020, all the connected technologies across different industries will reach a whopping 20.6 billion. This is exactly how big the world of the Internet has become and still continues to expand and evolve.

Here is a list of Top five applications that you would have never heard of in the world of IoT and that you must implement in your life:

1. Smart Home

With IoT gaining a lot of attention from the people around the globe, Smart Home is something that is most searched on the Internet. It is a feature that is linked to Google; however, it is time for you to know and understand what Smart Home is. Do you know with the advancements of technologies, you can now switch on your air conditioner in the house before even reaching home?

Well, Smart home is a house that operates by connecting devices to the Internet and enables remote monitoring of the house and managing appliances, devices, and systems, such as lighting, heating, etc. The communication protocol of X10 made for home automation sends a radio frequency of about 120 kHz, which contains digital information into the electric wiring of the house to programmable outlets and switches.

These radio signals convey the required commands to the respective devices, allowing you to control it. A transmitter sends signals to the circuits of houses, conveying the commands such as when to switch it on and off. There are also many other protocols such as Zigbee or Z-Wave that helps to counter any problems that might occur during the transmission of signals from the transmitters and modify it accordingly.

2. Wearables

Wearables know how to meet the demands of customers across the world in different markets. Companies such as Google, Samsung are recognized to invest heavily in creating such devices. But do you know how exactly it works? Wearable devices can be installed with the help of sensors and software that can collect information from the users and circulate them properly. This information is then pre-processed for extracting necessary insights about the user.

These devices mostly cover fitness and entertainment needs. The prerequisite from IoT technology for such applications is considered to be highly sensitive and efficient. The focus on wearable technology has accelerated over a period of time. Embedded in fingertips, these chips utilized the NFC (Near-Field Communication) or radio-frequency identification (RFIDs) to track the items or devices.

What make it work are the microprocessors and an active internet connection. There are sensors attached to the devices allowing anyone to monitor and track motion, activities of brains, heart activity, and many more. Miniature computers are a classic example of where wearable technologies are used.

3. Smart City

As you would have heard about smartwatches, similarly, Smart City is also coming up shortly. It is one of the tremendous innovations that include the use of water in an efficient way, proper traffic management, better waste management, and monitoring the environment in the right way. It uses the IoT sensors to collect information and use the insights that are gained from the data gathered when managing assets, services, or resources efficiently.

There are three ways of making your city intelligent: Orchestration Intelligence, Empowerment Intelligence, and Instrumentation Intelligence. Every platform requires an active IP infrastructure that is opened for all the researchers to build applications.

4. Connected Cars

The digital industry technology has been focusing on improving the internal functions of the cars. But now, this type of attention is gradually developing towards enhancing the experience within the vehicle. It uses the WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) to operate in and outside of the cars, allowing you to share accesses of the Internet and data.

It also uses the FCC-granted 5.9GHz bandwidth with a lot of latency to function. There are five ways in which you can connect using this technology to communicate: V2I (Vehicle to Infrastructure), V2V (Vehicle to Vehicle), V2C (Vehicle to Cloud), V2P (Vehicle to Pedestrian), and V2X (Vehicle to Everything).

All the vehicles must possess a GSM SIM or any brand that offers wireless connectivity services. These devices are plugged into the OBD ports (On-board diagnostics) for electrification and vehicle data accesses, offering connection to customer’s smartphones using the modules of GSM Mobiles or wireless hardware infrastructure.

Most of the car manufacturers are working on developing new cars that have all the facilities and connections within it. Moreover, a few prominent companies would include BMW and Apple, who are upscaling the generation to an impossible level.

5. Smart Grids

It is another segment of IoT technology that looks promising. Smart grids help in the extraction of the information from the consumer’s behavior and electricity suppliers automatically. Moreover, they are used in order to improve efficiency, revenue, and reliability in distributing electricity across several states and countries.

Final words

The above-mentioned are some of the best usages of IoT that is currently dominating the market. These are some of the best things that you would have never heard of. And hence, it is now time for you to buy any one of the devices or cars in order to experience the level of comfort it offers. Moreover, you will get to understand why these are considered to be the best things to use once in your life.

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